Nuffnang

Search This Blog

Loading...

Forgiveness is one of the most distinguishing features of Ramadan. If we truly want Allah's love, mercy and forgiveness, we must remember that the pleasures in this world are transient, and we are working toward that which is permanent. Is it worth being bitter and stunting our growth? Will it really benefit us? Will our anger and bitterness change the person who has hurt us?

Let us use this Ramadan to open our hearts to those who have wronged us and forgive them as we beg Allah to forgive us..


Love a little more than what is necessary..
Work a little harder than what is required..
Be a little kinder than what is usual..
Give a little more than what u feel u can afford..
Stand in a prayer a little longer than what u intended..
Be a little more patient than what u feel u can handle..
It is that little extra effort sparked by sincerity in the heart
that makes your ordinary self extraordinary...


Remember the five simple rules to be happy:

1. Free your heart from hatred.
2. Free your mind from worries.
3. Live simply.
4. Give more.
5. Expect less.

Tuesday, July 5, 2011

Mak menjalani angiogram hari ini

Pukul 8.00pagi hari ini di Universiti Malaya Specialist Centre (UMSC), PJ mak akan menjalani Angiogram untuk jantung. Wad mak di katil 0911, tingkat 9, UMSC, PJ. UMSC terletak disebelah Universiti Malaya (gate menghala ke PJ, bukan gate sebelah masjid). Sehala nak ke Pusat Perubatan Universiti Malaya. Doakan yang baik-baik untuk mak saya ya. Terima kasih.

Jadi, apakah itu "Angiogram"? Mengapa?

Jadi ini saya salin dari website http://www.webmd.com/heart-disease/angiogram


An angiogram is an X-ray test that uses a special dye and camera (fluoroscopy) to take pictures of the blood flow in an artery (such as the aorta) or a vein (such as the vena cava). An angiogram can be used to look at the arteries or veins in the head, arms, legs, chest, back, or belly.

Common angiograms can look at the arteries near the heart (coronary angiogram), lungs (pulmonary angiogram), brain (cerebral angiogram), head and neck (carotid angiogram), legs or arms (peripheral), and the aorta (aortogram).

Why It Is Done

An angiogram is done to:

Detect problems with blood vessels that affect blood flow. Examples of such problems include a tear in a blood vessel (which can cause blockage or internal bleeding), aneurysms (which are weaknesses in the blood vessel wall), and narrowed areas.

Look for changes in the blood vessels of injured or damaged organs.

Show the pattern of blood flow to a tumor. This can not only help show how much the tumor has spread but also guide treatment. See an angiogram image of a bleeding tumor in the kidney .

Show the condition, number, and location of renal arteries before a kidney transplant. See an angiogram image of a kidney .

Look for a source of bleeding, such as an ulcer.

Prepare for surgery on diseased blood vessels of the legs (peripheral arterial disease) in people who have severe leg pain when walking.

Check how bad atherosclerosis is in the coronary arteries.

In some cases, a method called interventional radiology may be used during an angiogram to treat diseases. For example, a catheter can be used to open a blocked blood vessel, deliver medicine to a tumor, or stop intestinal bleeding caused by diverticular hemorrhage. To stop intestinal bleeding, the catheter is moved into the small artery where the bleeding is occurring, and medicine that narrows the artery or causes the blood to clot is injected through the catheter.

During an angiogram, a thin tube called a catheter is placed into a blood vessel in the groin (femoral artery or vein) or just above the elbow (brachial artery or vein).

See a picture of catheter placement in the femoral vein . The catheter is guided to the area to be studied. Then an iodine dye (contrast material) is injected into the vessel to make the area show clearly on the X-ray pictures. This method is known as conventional or catheter angiogram. The angiogram pictures can be made into regular X-ray films or stored as digital pictures in a computer.

An angiogram can find a bulge in a blood vessel (aneurysm). It can also show narrowing or a blockage in a blood vessel that affects blood flow. An angiogram can show if coronary artery disease is present and how bad it is.

A magnetic resonance angiogram (MRA) or computed tomography angiogram (CTA) may be an option instead of an angiogram. Each of these tests is less invasive than a standard angiogram. Some MRA tests and all CTA tests require an injection of dye. A CTA also involves radiation exposure.

Bacaan lanjut di http://www.webmd.com/heart-disease/angiogram



Sent by Maxis from my BlackBerry® smartphone

No comments:

Related Posts Plugin for WordPress, Blogger...